Probiotics & microbiome

  • Anitbiotics

  • Probiotics

    • Microbiome & Gut Health

    • Behavior & Mood

    • After Antibiotics

    • Diarrhea

  • Probiotic Products

  • Raw Meat Diets & Microbiome

  • Microbiome Testing

Antibiotics

Antibiotics are designed to kill harmful bacteria but they also kill good bacteria in the GI tract where the majority of the immune system works affecting your dog’s overall microbiome balance and health.  The healthier your dog’s gut microbiome, the healthier she is overall, since the majority of her immune system resides in her digestive tract.

Adding probiotics to your dog’s diet can affect overall health positively. All probiotics are not created equal. Some in addition to probiotics, contain additional ingredients like flours or kelp. These can be okay for a healthy dog but dogs with food sensitivities or thyroid issues can be affected by these additions.

Can antibiotics make your veterinary patients fat?

Probiotics during and after antibiotics

Probiotics that have been used to restore the gut microbiome after antibiotics. See video at right.

  • Bifidobacterium bifidum  

  • Bifidobacterium longum

  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus

  • Streptococcus thermophilus

  • Bifidobacterium breve

Should Your Dog be on a Probiotic?


Probiotics

“Probiotics are beneficial strains of live microorganisms that help maintain healthy levels of gut-friendly bacteria in your pet’s digestive tract” “Humans and dogs host very similar microbes, they are not exactly the same microbes, but very closely related strains of the same species.”  

Look for CFU (Colony Forming Units) which is a measure of viable microorganisms. Look for a minimum of 1 billion for the primary microorganisms and a capsule or coated powder so the microorganisms are active in digestion. “Choose a probiotic with the highest CFU to make sure that you give your dog a diverse array of beneficial organisms in just one dose.” Written by Dr. Karen Shaw Becker Probiotics for Dogs and Cats: What Are They and How Do They Help?

Purchasing Probiotics for Dogs and Cats

by Diana Laverdure-Dunetz

Each microorganism has its own job to do so for specific purposes be sure to look for the correct strain.


Bifidobacterium longum  BL999

Bifidobacterium longum BL999

Behavior & Mood

Bifidobacterium longum BL999 has been reported to help with behavior and mood. Its easy to find Bifidobacterium longum, but to date I’ve only found the BL999 strain in the “Calming Care” product made by Purina. You may need to inquire of the manufacturer of any product you consider to determine strain.

Genus - Bifidobacterium

Species - longum

Strain - BL999

Stress-Related Gastrointestinal Upsets and Diarrhea in Dogs.

(Bifidobacterium animalis AHC7) may help to prevent stress-related gastrointestinal upsets and diarrhea in dogs.


Probiotics for Behavior / Mood

Probiotics for anxiety or behavioral issues. See video at right.

  • Bifidobacterium longum BL999

  • Lactobacillus acidophilus

  • Bifidobacterium bifidum  

  • Lactobacillus casei

  • Bifidobacterium lactis

  • Bifidobacterium animalis

  • cats for stress

Probiotics and behavior

Effects of Varying Doses of a Probiotic Supplement Fed to Healthy Dogs Undergoing Kenneling Stress

http://www.jarvm.com/articles/Vol10Iss3/Vol10%20Iss3%20Kelley.pdf

Dog and human digestive systems have similarities

https://www.petfoodindustry.com/articles/7666-dog-and-human-digestive-systems-have-similarities


 For Stress & Diarrhea in Cats & Dogs

  •  Enterococcus faecium SF68


Kefir

Traditionally made with cow, goat or sheep milk, kefir can also be made with coconut or almond milk (also coconut water). “… “Kefir is very safe, but this is not to say that some people or pets don’t react negatively to kefir, especially when first trying it. When introducing kefir to your pets, remember to always go slow.” https://www.planetpaws.ca/2015/07/04/kefir-daily-amounts/

So how much should you give your pet? Recommended minimum daily intake of kefir:

  • Small size dogs or cats – 1 tsp. – 1 tbsp.

  • Medium size dogs – 1 – 2 tbsp.

  • Large dogs – 2 – 3 tbsp.


38 BILLION CFU – 14 EFFECTIVE PROBIOTIC STRAINS

38 BILLION CFU – 14 EFFECTIVE PROBIOTIC STRAINS

14 STRAIN PROBIOTIC 30 BILLION CFU

14 STRAIN PROBIOTIC 30 BILLION CFU

6 PROBIOTIC STRAINS - OVER 5 BILLION CFU

6 PROBIOTIC STRAINS - OVER 5 BILLION CFU

EXCEPTIONAL QUALITY WHOLE-FOOD PROBIOTICS

EXCEPTIONAL QUALITY WHOLE-FOOD PROBIOTICS

16 STRAIN PROBIOTIC 2 BILLION CFU

16 STRAIN PROBIOTIC 2 BILLION CFU

… CARNA4 WHOLE FOOD NUTRITION

… CARNA4 WHOLE FOOD NUTRITION



Dog & Cat testing and Gut Restoration Supplement

“Research has shown that a balanced gut microbiome (the digestive system and how it handles food for nutrition and energy) is essential to overall health and longevity. When a pet’s microbiome is unbalanced, diarrhea, skin, immune system, and weight problems occur, and managing unpleasant symptoms can affect quality of life for pets (and pet parents).”


What is a microbiome and why does it matter?

  • Does your dog or cat suffer from digestive, skin, immune system, or weight issues? These could all be related to poor gut health which you can improve by looking at his microbiome.

  • Your pet's microbiome or gut digestive system is a complex internal environment made up of trillions of bacteria that is necessary for digestion and protects your pup from pathogens.

  • These bacteria can have a profound impact on your pet's health and immune system.

  • Our microbiome test includes a detailed analysis of the bacteria and suggest ways to improve gut health.

Why test your dog or cat's microbiome?

  • Inform their future. Your pet's gut provides an amazing amount of detail on what needed to maintain good health.

  • Discover their unique needs. Learn how you can address potential imbalances in your pet's microbiome.

  • Did you know your pet insurance might pay for microbiome testing? Learn more.



Research

Probiotics /microbiome

Purina Launches Supplement for Canine Anxiety Management

https://www.americanveterinarian.com/news/purina-launches-supplement-for-canine-anxiety-management

Assessment of psychotropic-like properties of a probiotic formulation (Lactobacillus helveticus R0052 and Bifidobacterium longum R0175) in rats and human subjects.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20974015

Efficacy of a Probiotic-Prebiotic Supplement on Incidence of Diarrhea in a Dog Shelter: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28186660

Effects of Varying Doses of a Probiotic Supplement Fed to Healthy Dogs  Undergoing Kenneling Stress

http://www.jarvm.com/articles/Vol10Iss3/Vol10%20Iss3%20Kelley.pdf

Raw meat based diet influences faecal microbiome and end products of fermentation in healthy dogs

Dog and human digestive systems have similarities

https://www.petfoodindustry.com/articles/7666-dog-and-human-digestive-systems-have-similarities

Gut feelings: mood and microbes

https://klaire.com/klairelabs/cache/file/D43A1A80-EF62-46F0-B80F627EF97DD85A.pdf

Mood and gut feelings

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/26252541_Mood_and_gut_feelings

Effects of Varying Doses of a Probiotic Supplement Fed to Healthy Dogs Undergoing Kenneling Stress

http://www.jarvm.com/articles/Vol10Iss3/Vol10%20Iss3%20Kelley.pdf

Boosting tranquility through nutrition

http://veterinarymedicine.dvm360.com/boosting-tranquility-through-nutrition

Could Your Anxious Dog Benefit from Probiotics?

https://www.natren.com/blog/anxious-dog-benefit-probiotics/

Efficacy of a Probiotic-Prebiotic Supplement on Incidence of  Diarrhea in a Dog Shelter: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5354029/pdf/JVIM-31-377.pdf

How a dog's diet shapes its gut microbiome

Differences in the gut microbiota of dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) fed a natural diet or a commercial feed revealed by the Illumina MiSeq platform

Raw meat based diet influences faecal microbiome and end products of fermentation in healthy dogs

Key bacterial families (Clostridiaceae, Erysipelotrichaceae and Bacteroidaceae) are related to the digestion of protein and energy in dogs

Effects of the Dietary Protein and Carbohydrate Ratio on Gut Microbiomes in Dogs of Different Body Conditions

WALTHAM Research Highlights the Influence of  Dietary Protein Levels on Gut Bacteria in Kittens

Deep Illumina-Based Shotgun Sequencing Reveals Dietary Effects on the Structure and Function of the Fecal Microbiome of Growing Kittens

Faecal microbial populations of growing kittens fed high- or moderate-protein diets

Altering the Intestinal Microbiota during a Critical Developmental Window Has Lasting Metabolic Consequences

Can antibiotics make your veterinary patients fat?

The healthier your dog’s gut microbiome, the healthier she is overall